Installation | Maintenance | Beyond Lino

Our Nextcloud cheat sheet

Here we present some details to set up Nextcloud in Debian 10.

We should install some web-server, for example nginx:

$ sudo apt install nginx

As nextcloud needs PHP, install some PHP packages:

$ sudo apt-get install -y php php-gd
$ sudo apt-get install -y php-zip php-dom php-xml php-curl
$ sudo apt-get install -y php-simplexml php-mbstring

Nextcloud stores data into database and we can choose between mariadb, postgresql and sqlite. We take the first one:

$ sudo apt install mariadb-server php-mysql

After installation we should set the root password for database server and add the password to password manager:

$ sudo mysql -u root -p

For nextcloud, create the specific database, the database user and password:

CREATE DATABASE nextclouddb;
GRANT ALL ON nextclouddb.* TO 'linostuff'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'pass';

Add these credidentals also to password manager.

Further, download nextcloud source:

$ cd /tmp
$ wget
$ bunzip2 latest-21.tar.bz2
$ tar xvf latest-21.tar
$ sudo mv nextcloud/ /var/www/html/
$ cd /var/www/html
$ sudo chown -R www-data:www-data nextcloud
$ sudo chmod -R 755 nextcloud
$ sudo apt install php-fpm
$ sudo systemctl status php7.3-fpm
$ sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/nextcloud.conf
$ sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/nextcloud.conf /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
$ sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

We adapted for us the nextcloud nginx-config:

upstream php-handler {
     server unix:/var/run/php/php7.3-fpm.sock;

server {
     listen 80;
     # enforce https
     return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri;

server {
     listen 443 ssl;
     ssl_certificate     /etc/nginx/cert/nextcloud.crt;
     ssl_certificate_key /etc/nginx/cert/nextcloud.key;
     # Path to the root of your installation
     root /var/www/html/nextcloud/;